How can teachers use this approach to develop a personal student behaviour management plan showing an understanding of the diverse nature of students?

When your general classroom discipline plan is not effective with a student an individualised behaviour plan can be implemented.Teachers can adapt the assertive management plan to cater for individual and diverse needs by implementing a behavioural contract with individual students. This behavioural contract is a simple positive-reinforcement tool that is used widely by teachers to change students behaviour.

The Behavioural Contract for individuals/Purpose
The behavioural contract is a written agreement about how the the individual will behave. It indicates the appropriate consequences should the student neglect to behave as outlined in the contract.
The contract itself spells out in detail the expectations of the student, the teacher, and sometimes the parents.
The contract gets a student to realize their is a problem, allows the student to overcome it and gets the student to link specific behaviours with specific consequences.
Examples of contracts could include anti-gang, anger management, anti-graffiti, attendance, anti-drug, homework and classroom behaviour contracts.

Benefits of using a contract with individuals
In implementig the contract the student generally has input into the conditions that are established, which means that the student is more likely to be motivated to abide by the terms of the behaviour contract than if the terms were constructed solely by someone else.

According to Newell and Jefferey, 2002 Other Benefits include:
  1. The teacher and student have shared goals
  2. Clear and positive outcomes are created
  3. Students do not have to guess the rules
  4. What students have to do is clearly stated
  5. Encourages open communication
  6. Makes it clear to students how they can recieve positive attention
  7. Help create a shared and safe learning environment
  8. Creates somthing neutral in times of conflict
  9. Gives a sense of fairness and justice
  10. Encourages students to adopt and model adult behaviour
  11. Develops self control, responsibility and allows for self monitoring of own behaviour.

How to create a Behaviour Contract
1. The Teacher needs to decide which specific behaviours are to be the focus of the contract.
2. Teacher will then meet with the student to write the contract. Students need assurance that you care, that you are there to help and that the disruptive behaviour is not in their best interests.
3. The contract should include:
  • Goals (will not call out in class etc)
  • A detailed definition of the unwanted behaviour/s
  • How the student will earn a reward and what that reward will be
  • Consequences should the child not adhere to the behaviour described in the contract
  • A definition on how the behaviour will be monitored
  • A date for reviewing the contract
  • A place for signatures of the student, the teacher, and possibly parent.

Post Contract
Consequences must be provided consistantly each time the student chooses to misbehaviour, as set out in the contract. Look for every opportunity to recognize the student's appropriate behaviour. Make it a point to genuinely praise the student several times per day.
The teacher should know when it is time to review and revise the contract. If the contract is not working well the student should be included when making revisions to the contract.
Keep parents informed how the contract is progressing.

Example of a simple Behavioural Contract